Toyota 4x4 Brake Master Cylinder and Brake Booster Specs
The Best Master Cylinder and Brake Booster Combo
The most desirable combo is a 1” bore master cylinder with a dual
diaphragm brake booster. For most people this gives the ability to lock
up the front brakes without too much pedal travel but also does not
make the brakes feel stiff or overly sensitive. For Toyota trucks and
4Runners any 1” bore, 4 hole master cylinder will swap onto your brake
booster (if you don’t already have a 1” bore master). Most dual
diaphragm boosters will swap on, but early trucks and 4Runners may
require a little more work unless you use a turbo booster.
You can find brake master cylinders and brake boosters in junkyards or through our links below.
The Best Master Cylinder for Big Tires, Heavy Vehicles, and Better Braking - 1" Bore with Residual Valves
The best Toyota brake master cylinder for Toyota mini trucks and 4Runners is the FJ80 Brake Master Cylinder. This is a stock FJ80 master cylinder. It has residual valves in the front and back, so it’ll work fine with either drum or disc brakes. It has a 1” bore, so it works fine with larger calipers. You’ll need to slightly rebend your brake lines and splice the fluid level sensor pigtail to make it fit, but its 75mm x 45mm bolt pattern means that it will bolt right up to your brake booster.
Our Budget Choice - 1" Bore Stock V6 Toyota Brake Master Cylinder
Our budget choice is the stock master cylinder for a V6 Toyota mini pickup or 4Runner. This is a bolt-in mod that gets you the 1” bore master. This master cylinder is cheaper, but does not have the rear brake residual valve of the FJ80 master cylinder - it won't work quite as well as the FJ80 with rear discs. You may or may not need to bend your brake lines and splice the fluid level sensor wiring. Pre-1989 minis and 4Runners will probably have to do both as the front brake line port and the wiring plug are both different.
The Best Brake Boosters for Big Tires, Heavy Vehicles, and Better Braking - Dual Diaphragm
A dual diaphragm brake booster will give you better pedal feel and create more vacuum assist. This helps you stop your heavy Toyota whether you're daily driving or on the trail.
Dual Diaphragm Brake Booster from '89-'95 Toyota 4Runners and Trucks, 4WD
For most 4Runners and minis, this is the dual diaphragm brake booster you're looking for. It has short studs, the correct 4 bolt master cylinder bolt pattern, and it will contribute significantly to having more powerful brakes that can stop heavy rigs on big tires.
If that doesn't work for you, try the 2WD version:
The 2WD version of this booster has longer studs, but is otherwise similar to the 4WD version.
Small Diameter Dual Diaphragm Brake Booster from '86-'87 Toyota Turbo, 2WD and 4WD
This booster should bolt in to most 1st Gen Toyotas without modifications. If you use a larger booster you'll likely have clearance issues with the clutch master cylinder and/or the steering shaft. A word of caution: Apparently not all of the turbo boosters are dual diaphragm, so try to make sure that it's listed in the description or that it actually is thicker like a dual diaphragm before you buy.
Your truck may have a thick aluminum spacer between the firewall and booster - you don't need it with this booster.
We think that a 3rd Gen 2WD truck booster might also fit without mods, but we’re not certain.
Toyota Brake Master Cylinder Info
Almost all Toyota master cylinders have M10x1.00 brake line fittings. For the purposes of swapping, ABS or non-ABS doesn’t matter, but non-ABS masters tend to have a smaller bore.
2/3/4 hole flange brake master cylinder mounting
3 hole brake master cylinders are in some Toyota cars and we’re mostly not interested in them.
2 hole brake master cylinders tend to be in recent Tacomas, Tundras, and 4Runners. We haven’t looked into it a lot, but it appears that there should be some possibilities of swapping in larger 2 hole brake masters on recently manufactured Toyotas.
4 hole brake master cylinders are the most common. As far as we can tell, they all have the same 75mm x 45mm bolt pattern. This means that any 4 hole Toyota brake master cylinder will fit in place of another 4 hole master.
Toyota Brake Booster Info
There are several brake boosters that have come in Toys. The main variations are:
- Single or dual diaphragm
- Small or large diameter
- Distance off firewall (with spacers)
- Firewall bolt pattern
Dual diaphragm boosters are a significant upgrade for braking in most Toyotas that have larger tires, are heavier, or that have rear disc conversions. Dual diaphragm boosters provide more vacuum assist, which will decrease pedal effort. To identify them, dual diaphragm boosters are about 1” thicker (front to back) than single diaphragm boosters plus they a “step down” when viewed from the side. Recent Toyotas seem to be using an awful lot of single diaphragm brake boosters.
For certain swaps, the outer diameter of the booster is pretty important. Dual diaphragm boosters can have large and small diameters. On solid axle pickups and 4Runners the steering u-joint is larger than on IFS trucks. To clear the u-joint you can:
- Use a small diameter brake booster.
- Install a spacer behind the booster. The booster will often have a 1/4” aluminum spacer on the original vehicle that fits between the firewall and booster.
- Shim the steering column down. In the cab unbolt the steering column and stack a washer or two to shift the column down.
- Hammer the seam on the booster. This is sort of hacky, so only do it as a last resort.
On 1st Gen pickups (‘79-‘83) and possibly 4Runners, there are additional clearance issues with the clutch master cylinder and sometimes the steering shaft. Some 1st Gen owners relocate the steering shaft with extra u-joints and a heim joint. Also see spacer options below.
Distance off firewall (with spacers)
There appear to be 2 different spacers that fit between the booster and firewall. One is around 1 1/4”, the other is 1/4” They are both aluminum.
The thicker spacer is especially useful for clearing the clutch master in earlier Toys. 1st Gen trucks have very little room to fit a larger diameter brake booster. The thick spacer requires longer studs on the back of the booster and will probably require you to lengthen the brake pushrod to compensate for the spacer thickness.
Most boosters that we are interested in swapping have the same firewall pattern. There are occasional exceptions with some cars, so if you plan to use a non-truck/4Runner booster, measure first.
Parts Scrounging Tips
- Non-ABS vehicles tend to have smaller diameter brake booster.
- Larger and heavier vehicles tend to have master cylinders with larger bores.
- 4WD tends to have a larger master cylinders than 2WD.
- 4 cylinders usually have a small bore.
- V6 vehicles usually have a 1” bore.
- Any dual diaphragm booster will fit a 2nd Gen truck.
- Dual diaphragm boosters are 1” thicker than single diaphragm.
- Dual diaphragm boosters have a step down when viewed from the side.
Look for small diameter boosters in:
- 2WD C&C chassis
- 3rd Gen 2WD trucks
- Turbo trucks and 4Runners
Toyota Brake Master Cylinder and Brake Booster Specifications
|Model||Year||Bore||Front/Rear brake type||# of Reservoirs||Fitting size||Flange bolt pattern||# of flange holes||Booster diameter/diaphragm||Notes|
|All Land Cruiser||1970-1975||1"||Drum/Drum||Dual||M10x1.00||4|
|FJ40/FJ55||1976-1980||7/8"||Disk/Drum||Dual||M10x1.00||4||North American spec|
|FJ45||1977-1980||1 1/8"||Drum/Drum||Dual||M10x1.00||4||Canadian spec|
|FJ80/FZJ80||All||1"||Disk/Disk||Single||M10x1.00||75mmx45mm||4||9.75"/dual||ABS and non-ABS masters are different. Bolt-in upgrade for '79-'95. Residual valves front and rear.|
|Toyota pickup and 4Runner||1981-1985||13/16"||Disk/Drum||Single||M10x1.00||75mmx45mm||4||8.5"/single/non-1 ton chassis, 10"/single/1 ton chassis,|
|Toyota pickup and 4Runner||1986-1989||13/16"||Disk/Drum||Single||M10x1.00||75mmx45mm||4||8.5"/dual, 9.5"/single||Suspect that dual diaphragm booster is extremely rare and may only come on specific vehicles like 2WD C&C.|
|Turbo Toyota pickup and 4Runner||1986-1987||Disk/Drum||Single||M10x1.00||75mmx45mm||4||Small diameter dual, some single||Bolt-on for 1st Gen trucks.|
|Toyota pickup and 4Runner||1989-1995||7/8" or 1"||Disk/Drum||Single||M10x1.00||75mmx45mm||4||8.75"/dual, 9.75"/dual, 9.5"/single||V6 usually have 1" bore.|
|Toyota Cressida||1988-1992||1"||Disk/Disk||Dual||M10x1.00||75mmx45mm||4||9.75"/dual||ABS and non-ABS masters are different|
|Toyota Supra||1986-1992||1"||Disk/Disk||Single||M10x1.00||75mmx45mm||4||9.75"/dual||ABS and non-ABS masters available.|
|Toyota Supra||1992-2002||1"||Disk/Disk||Single||M10x1.00||75mmx45mm||2 or 4|
|Toyota Tacoma||1995-2005||1"||Disk/Drum||Single||M10x1.00||75mmx45mm||4||9.75"/dual, 8.75"/dual||ABS and non-ABS masters available.|
|Toyota Tacoma||2005-2015||13/16"||Disk/Drum||Single||M12x1.0||2 hole|
|Toyota 4Runner||1996-2002||1"||Disk/Drum||Single||M10x1.0||2||9.75"/dual||ABS and non-ABS masters available.|
|Toyota T100||1993-1998||1" or 1 1/16"||Disk/Drum||Single||M10x1.0||75mmx45mm||4||10.5"/dual, 9.75"/dual||ABS and Non-ABS masters available.|
|Toyota Tundra||1999-2006||13/16"||Disk/Drum||Single||M10x1.0||2||10 9/16"/single|